AskDefine | Define depress

Dictionary Definition



1 lower someone's spirits; make downhearted; "These news depressed her"; "The bad state of her child's health demoralizes her" [syn: deject, cast down, get down, dismay, dispirit, demoralize, demoralise] [ant: elate]
2 lower (prices or markets); "The glut of oil depressed gas prices"
3 cause to drop or sink; "The lack of rain had depressed the water level in the reservoir" [syn: lower]
4 press down; "Depress the space key" [syn: press down]
5 lessen the activity or force of; "The rising inflation depressed the economy"

User Contributed Dictionary



  • a US /dəˈprɛs/
    Rhymes: -ɛs


  1. press down on
    Depress the upper lever to start the machine.
  2. make depressed, sad or bored
    Winter depresses me.
  3. cause a depression or a decrease in parts of the economy
    Lower productivity will eventually depress wages.


press down on
make depressed, sad or bored
cause a depression or a decrease in parts of the economy

Extensive Definition

Depression or depress may refer to:


  • Depression (mood), a lack of positive affect
  • Colloquially, Adjustment disorder with depressed mood, previously known as Reactive depression.
  • Major depressive disorder a clinical diagnosis of a state of intense sadness
    • Melancholic depression a sub-type of clinical depression characterized by an inability to feel pleasure combined with physical agitation, insomnia, or decreased appetite
    • Atypical depression, a cyclical sub-type of clinical depression where sleep, feeding and perception of pleasure are normal but there is a feeling of lethargy
    • Psychotic depression, a sub-type of clinical depression combined with psychotic or delusional perceptions
    • Postnatal depression, clinical depression following childbirth
  • Depression is the 4th stage of the Kübler-Ross model (commonly known as the "stages of dying").



depress in Bosnian: Depresija (čvor)
depress in Czech: Deprese
depress in German: Depression (Begriffsklärung)
depress in Spanish: Depresión (desambiguación)
depress in Esperanto: Depresio
depress in French: Dépression
depress in Croatian: Depresija
depress in Italian: Depressione
depress in Dutch: Depressie
depress in Dutch Low Saxon: Depressie
depress in Norwegian: Depresjon
depress in Polish: Depresja
depress in Portuguese: Depressão
depress in Russian: Депрессия (значения)
depress in Simple English: Depression
depress in Slovak: Depresia
depress in Serbian: Депресија
depress in Swedish: Depression (olika betydelser)
depress in Ukrainian: Депресія

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

abridge, bear down, beat down, bring down, bring low, burden, cast down, cheapen, compress, couch, countersink, curtail, cut, cut back, cut down, damp, dampen, dampen the spirits, darken, dash, debase, debilitate, decrease, deduct, deepen, deflate, deject, demit, dent, depreciate, detrude, devaluate, devalue, dig, diminish, dimple, dint, discourage, dishearten, dispirit, dive, downbear, downgrade, drill, droop, dull, enervate, engrave, excavate, grieve, haul down, impress, imprint, indent, knock down, lessen, let, let down, lower, lower the spirits, mine, notch, oppress, pare, pit, pock, pockmark, press down, press in, pull down, punch, punch in, push down, recess, reduce, retrench, roll back, sadden, sap, scale down, set back, set in, shorten, simplify, sink, stamp, step down, take down, take from, tamp, thrust down, tune down, tunnel, upset, weaken, weigh down, weigh heavy upon, weigh upon
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